In this topic of complications of diabetes type 2 and type 1 refers to the negative effects of having an illness. Diabetes comes due to the absence of insulin or, rarely, to impairment of insulin resistance causing various disruption of carbohydrates and fat metabolism. The incidence of type 1 and, type 2 is increasing worldwide.
Complications Of Diabetes Type 1 And Type 2
Diabetes complications that last long develop slowly with the severity and duration of hyper-glycemia. At the end, the complications could because other severe problems or even put the risk on lives. The likely complications caused may include:
1. Cardiovascular disturbances
Diabetes is a significant factor that dramatically raises the danger of different cardiovascular disorders. Changes in blood vessels may still occur even when the disease is well controlled. Cardiovascular disease involves two significant cause:
• Diabetic macroangiopathy
The most common lesions are atheroma and calcification of the tunica media of the large arteries. The most common consequences include; ischaemic heart disease accompanied with a heart attack, narrowing of arteries (atherosclerosis) stroke and chest pain (angina),.
SEE ALSO: How To Avoid Diabetes Type 2?
• Diabetic microangiopathy
This affects small blood vessels, and there is thickening of the epithelial basement membrane of arterioles, capillaries, and venules. The most common consequences include; peripheral vascular disease, diabetic retinopathy, diabetic nephropathy and peripheral neuropathy.
Diabetic people are highly susceptible to infection, especially by bacteria and fungi because phagocyte activity is depressed by insufficient intracellular glucose. These infections may cause:
- Complications in areas affected by peripheral neuropathy and changes in blood vessels.
- boils and carbuncles
- vaginal candidiasis
3. Renal Failure
This is due to diabetic nephropathy and is a common cause of death in those with diabetes.
SEE ALSO: How To Prevent Diabetes Type 2?
Diabetic retinopathy is the commonest cause of visual impairment. Diabetes also rises the danger of early development of cataracts and other visual disorders.
What are acute complications of diabetes?
1. Diabetic ketoacidosis.
Ketoacidosis develops owing to enhance insulin need or rise the fight of insulin because of some piled pressure, like microbial infection, pregnancy, infarction, or cerebrovascular accident. The insufficient supply of insulin may also occur due to failure by the patient to administer the prescribed dose during times of increased need. In some cases, severe and dangerous ketoacidosis may occur without loss of consciousness.
2. Hypoglycemic coma
This occurs when insulin administered is more than that needed to balance the food intake and expenditure of energy. Neurons are more dependent on glucose for their energy needs than other cells; glucose deprivation causes disturbed neurological function, leading to coma and irreversible damage. The most common results include:
- Accidental overdose of insulin.
- Delay in eating after insulin administration.
- Gastrointestinal disturbances in which carbohydrate absorption is diminished.
- Increased metabolic rate in.
- An insulin-secreting tumor.
What are some complications of gestational diabetes?
This develops during pregnancy and may disappear after delivery; however, diabetes may recur in later life. So, it doesn’t matter, but the ladies suffer from this complication deliver very healthy infants but, not treated or not controlled raised plasma glucose levels could cause issues for you & the child. The common consequences include:
• Extra growth
Excess sugars could trigger your child’s pancreas to come up with extra juices which could make your child grow extra-large.
• Blood sugar being low
Babies born to mothers who have gestational diabetes are easily caught up with blood sugar level drop shortly after they give birth because of high insulin production.
- Type two diabetes some other time in life. Children of mothers with gestational diabetes may experience a huge danger of becoming obese and type two diabetes some other time in life.
- Passing on: If not treated gestational diabetes could cause death to a baby either prior to or just after giving birth.
- Preeclampsia: This is associated with much protein in the urine, high blood pressure, and swelling feet and legs or even threatening your life complications for both mother and baby.
- Subsequent gestational diabetes: the moment you’ve gestational diabetes in one pregnancy, you’re likely to have it again with the next pregnancy.
How to prevent complications of diabetes?
Diabetes complications can lead to serious illness and even death, that is why prevention is very essential and important. The moment you find out that you have complications of diabetes, then you need to prevent complications from developing. The following are basic principles of prevention of diabetes complications:
- Take your medications (pills and/or insulin) as prescribed by your doctor, don’t ever skip or delay whatsoever.
- Monitor your blood sugars now and then. Never forget. If possible, buy blood meter and learn how to use it.
- Follow a sensible and balanced diet as directed by your specialist. Do not skip meals at any moment whatsoever.
- Take exercise regularly and make it a compulsory routine every day without forgetting.
- Keep checking your doctor regularly to monitor for complications of diabetes.
- Last and most important, believe and trust in God too. Prayer is another healing tool and can cure any disease.
How to reduce complications of diabetes?
Practicing good habits go hand in hand with the steps you take towards preventing the other health problems that diabetes can cause. Make those tips and steps part and parcel of your regular health routine.
We have seen that there is a range of complications that develop with diabetes. And most of the complications of diabetes occur due to high blood glucose levels or high blood pressure over long periods of time. It may seem complicated, but the good news is that there are few things you can do to prevent the risk of developing complications, but if you already have a complication, there are things you can do manage it.