If you want to know what is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes, you’ll love this article.
Type 1 a type diabetes defines the problem of high sugar level in the blood cells. In diabetes inability to control the blood sugar creates so many problems. But some people take both as the identical problem. However, there is the huge difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Accordingly to the survey conducted by the Center for disease control and prevention almost 9.3 percent of the total population is dealing with the diabetes problem. Type 1 diabetes has seen in almost 5 percent of the people, and more than 95 percent of the people have type 2 diabetes.
Difference Between Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes
1. Cause of type 1 and type 2 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes: In the type 1 diabetes the immune system of the body attached to the cells in the pancreas that makes insulin. Type 1 is basically the malfunction of the body which led to the bad immune system problem. The immune system so the body used to kill that foreign cells those can create the problems. The immune system is a preventive mechanism to deal with the cells cause virus. As per the researchers, it does not clear yet why body cells attack body’s own cells. The cause of this development could be environmental and genetic effects.
Type 2 diabetes: Type 2 diabetes patient has the problem with the insulin résistance. The body produces enough level of insulin but not able to use it in an effective manner. This is always the biggest question why some people cannot be able to use the inulin, and some can use but do not have enough level of insulin. As per the researchers, lifestyle and weight can be the biggest factor in this. However genetic and environments factors also affect this. When people developed type 2 diabetes, their pancreas tries to compensate to produce the insulin in the body. Because your body is not using insulin effectively and glucose might accumulate in the blood flow.
2. Risk factors for the type 1 and type 2 diabetes
If you have the family history with type 1 diabetes than there are chances that you can also develop diabetes. Type 1 diabetes can occur at any age but is many seen in the children’s. The presence of some affected genes can also be the cause of type diabetes. In case of type 2 diabetes if you have prediabetes than you can develop type 2 diabetes. Overweight is can also be the cause of this problem. In case you are over the age of 45 and also had history and the type diabetes than you might develop the problem. People who are least active might have to deal with the problem.
3. How to diagnose the type and type 2 diabetes
The main test for both type and type 2 diabetes is glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test. A1C test checks the blood sugar level of the body from last 4 -5 months. The higher the level of the A1C tests the more is the level of diabetes.
4. Diet in type 1 and type 2 diabetes
Type 1 patient need to invent the high level of the insulin. Therefore doctor recommends them to have the food which is the big source of insulin. For the carbohydrates can increase the blood sugar level so you might end up with the taking insulin. Type 2 patients need to have the balanced and healthy diet. The people need to focus on the weight loss and have to select the food according to this.
5. Taking insulin as treatment process
Type 1 diabetes patient does not develop insulin they might need insulin daily basis. Type 2 patient needs to monitor their diet, have more exercise and take pills to control the body weight. They do not need much insulin as their body develops insulin.
6. Eating surgery foods
Type 1 patient generally can eat everything as far as it does not increase their problem. But type 2 patient cannot eat each and every food. Especially they need to avoid the food which had huge calories level.
7. Time frame of the diseases
Type 1 diabetes can develop in the children’s and adults. This occurs at the early age. However, type 2 diabetes usually developed with age. It might occur in the people has aged more than 40.
8. Type 1 is autoimmune disease; type 2 is not
People with both problems face different challenges. Type 1 diabetes patient body does not make insulin, so it is known as an autoimmune disease, but this is not the case with the type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes produces enough level of insulin but needs to watch over body weight.
9. Low sugar problem
The dangerous problem of low sugar is common with the people having type 1 diabetes. Because of their low blood sugar level, they have to face the dizziness, anxiety, shakiness, and sweatiness. But in the type 2 diabetes, a person does not deal with eh low sugar level issue. Diabetes patients can take the insulin shots to deal with the low blood sugar.
10. Nutrition management
Type 1 diabetes patient does not have to think much about the nutrients level as they can eat anything. But type 2 patient needs to manage their diet in the way to get all nutrition value with the least fat involvement.
These are the common differences between diabetes type 1 and type 2. Make sure to consult with the doctor before taking any treatment to prevent from diabetes.